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【摘要】小編給大家帶來BEC高級閱讀經驗交流,要報考商務英語考試,一定要在規定時間內完成報名!環球網校小編為您送達2020年商務英語最新消息!讓您通過商務英語考試。

BEC熱潮不減,所以好多同學問有沒有考試的技巧,坦率說,我心里非常清楚,好多人想要的技巧是能夠在做閱讀時不看文章就把題目全部做對,做聽力時不聽懂也能把題全部做對,寫作文時一個字都不寫也能做對,口語一句話都不說也能拿滿分。說的的確有點夸張,但真實地反應了大家渴望捷徑的心態。那么,有沒有捷徑呢,有的,然而所謂捷徑,要么省時,要么省力,要么省錢,但是不可能三樣全省,也就是說,不可能省功,所以用功是關鍵的,那么用功和不用功的結果是不同的,而我的理念是,如果我們看到一個人成功,如同魔術表演一樣,但是卻不知道他準備或者練習的過程,那么怎么可能和他一樣呢?所以碰巧有學生問到我一篇BEC高級的閱讀,我想把我的解題的思路放在這里,和大家分享一下,讓大家看看我達到這樣的結果的過程,希望能夠給大家一點啟示。考生如果怕自己錯過考試報名時間和考試時間的話,可以 免費預約短信提醒,屆時會以短信的方式提醒大家報名和考試時間。

In terms of pure quantity of research and debate, business schools have performed amazingly in promoting management as a distinctive activity. No other discipline has produced as much in such a short period. It is unclear yet how much of it will stand the test of time, but for sheer industry, the business school deserve credit. Not a day goes by without another wave of research papers, books, articles, and journals.

In these terms, schools have produced a generally accepted theoretical basis for management. When it comes to knowledge creation, however, they find themselves in difficulties. They are caught between the need for academic rigor and for real-world business relevance, which tend to pull in opposite directions. The desire to establish management as a credible discipline leads to research that panders to traditional academic criteria. The problem for business school researchers is that they seek the approval of their academic peers rather than the business community. In the United States this has led to the sort of grand ‘paper clip counting' exercises that meet demands for academic rigor but fail to add one iota to the real sum of human knowledge.

Business schools have too often allowed the constraints of the academic world to cloud their view of the real world. Business school researchers seek provable theories - rather than helpful theories. They have championed a prescriptive approach to management based on analysis and, more recently, on fashionable ideas that soon disappear into the ether. The ‘one best way' approach encourages researchers to mould the idiosyncrasies of managerial reality into their tightly defined models of behavior. Figures and statistics are fitted into linear equations and tidy models. Economists and other social scientists label this cure smoothing. Meanwhile, reality continually refuses to co-operate.

Central to this is the tension between relevance and rigor. In a perfect world, there would be no need to choose between the two. But in the business school world, the need to satisfy academic criteria and be published in journals often tilts the balance away from relevance. In other words, it is often easier to pursue quantifiable objectives than it is to add anything useful to the debate about management. To a large extent, the entire business school system works against useful, knowledge-creating research. Academics have five years in which to prove themselves if they are to make the academic grade. It seems long enough. But it can take two or even three years to get into a suitable journal. They therefore have around three years, probably less, to come up with an area of interest and carry out meaningful and original research. This is a demanding timescale. The temptation must be to slice up old data in new ways rather than pursue genuinely groundbreaking, innovative research.

It is a criticism also made by some business school insiders. "Academic journals tend to find more and more techniques for testing more and more obscure theories. They are asking trivial questions and answering them exactly. There has to be a backlash," says Julian Birkinshaw of London Business School. In large part, the problem goes back to a time when business schools were trying to establish themselves. Up until the 1960s, American business schools were dismissed as pseudo-academic institutions, including the universities of which they often formed a part, regarded them as a little more than vocational colleges. Since then, most of the leading schools have undergone major reassessments and introduced sweeping changes. However, it is questionable whether those changes have gone far enough.

Questions:

15. What does the first paragraph suggest about the research generated by business schools?

A Its quality is variable.

B Its lasting value is uncertain.

C It has always been produced too quickly.

D It has had no influence on management.

16. In paragraph two, the writer argues that business school research___

A takes a negative view of the business community.

B as failed to give credibility to management as a discipline.

C is directed at the wrong audience.

D does not stand up to academic scrutiny.

17. In the third paragraph, the writer criticizes the theories of management produced by business schools for being___

A incomprehensible.

B contradictory.

C vague.

D inflexible.

18. In the fourth paragraph, the writer says that the business school system causes academics to___

A be satisfied with reinterpreting previous research.

B avoid complicated business issues.

C concentrate on very narrow fields of study.

D focus on topics no longer relevant to business needs.

19. What do we learn about business schools in the last paragraph?

A They are reluctant to admit to failings.

B They resent criticism of their academic journal.

C They used to be looked down on by other institutions.

D They are comfortable with the current situation.

20. What is the writer's purpose in this text?

A to express regret at the growth of business schools

B to point out a weakness in the approach of business schools

C to criticize business school for producing bad academics

D to forecast the eventual collapse of business schools

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